Precious yarns: cashmere and merino wool

Cashmere and merino wool. Here are some differences

Cashmere and merino wool are yarns of animal origin which are winter friendly and can be used in very similar ways. Both are considered to be the most beautiful and softest fabrics that exist, however, between the two there are some substantial differences.

The first big difference between a cashmere clothing and a merino wool clothing is that it comes from different sources: cashmere comes from goats, while merino wool comes from sheep.

The other big difference is how you have to take care of these fabrics when they are transformed into a piece of clothing. Unlike a merino wool clothing, a cashmere clothing needs more care and attention to ensure that it is preserved in its entirety over time. Cashmere is a precious yarn, which is also as delicate.

To ensure that the cashmere fabric can withstand usage and the weather conditions, it must be hand washed with neutral and extremely delicate soaps. It is also recommended not to use aggressive soaps and movements when washing the clothing.

Merino wool can be washed in hot or cold water, preferably by hand and with neutral soaps, but if necessary, pre-treat the clothing to remove a stain, for example, you can rub and rub it, provided you do so in a non-aggressive way.

It is one thing to say cashmere wool

When it comes to cashmere, merino wool, angora, mohair, pure virgin wool… there are different varieties. That is why saying “wool” is not enough. You need to read the label well to really understand what a piece of clothing is made of.

For example, when the label says Pure virgin wool Woolmark, it is good to know that it is a product made exclusively using new wool fibers coming only from shearing and not recovered from other industrial processes.

There are a great number of natural yarns of animal origin on the market, each with its own specific properties that differ according to the animal that produced it and also according to its age. The younger the skin the finer the fabric.

The cheapest wool on the market is sheepskin wool, which is able to withstand humidity well, while lamb wool is suitable when temperatures are rather cold.

The most valuable sheep’s wool in the world is merino wool, which, thanks to the thinness of its fiber has a particularly light, but very wear-resistant yarn whose isothermal effect allows it to maintain the heat produced by your body.

At the next level, we find alpaca, a precious fiber linked to the camelids present in South America, seven times warmer and much softer than sheep’s wool. Alpaca is used mainly to produce sweaters and scarves. Among its main characteristics, its ability not to become felted and not to cause allergic reactions, which is why it is also very tolerated by children. As soft as silk, besides being incredibly warm and light, the alpaca is also very resistant. Being a rarity, its prices are quite high.

But the queen of the queens remains indeed Cashmere wool (or Kashmir) whose name is derived from goats originating from the same Asian region. This even thinner yarn is extremely soft, light and keeps the heat extraordinarily low, thanks to its insulating power 10 times higher than that of wool.

Particularly sought after due to its elegance, cashmere is also produced in very small quantities by each goat, which is why it is considered a luxury good.

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